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River Continuum

By expanding river research from small streams to whole rivers, Andrews' scientists made key contributions to the "The River Continuum Concept." This concept transformed our understanding of rivers and their restoration by describing crucial linkages between rivers and their banks along their entire lengths - from headwaters to the mouth of intact river systems.

Gregory, S.V., F.J. Swanson, W.A., W.A. McKee and K.W. Cummins. 1991. An ecosystem perspective of riparian zones: focus on links between land and water. BioScience. 41(8): 540-551.
Vannote, R.L., G.W. Minshall, K.W. Cummins, J.R. Sedell, and C.E. Cushing. 1980. The river continuum concept. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 37(1): 130-137.
Meehan, W.R., F.J. Swanson and J.R. Sedell. 1977. Influences of riparian vegetation on aquatic ecosystems with particular reference to salmonid fishes and their food supply. In: Johnson, R. Roy; Jones, Dale A., tech. coords. Importance, preservation and management of riparian habitat: a symposium; 1977 July 9; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-43. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station:137-145.
Dr. Stan Gregory
Dr. Sherri Johnson
Research on streams and stream networks in the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, funded through the Long Term Ecological Research program (LTER), has shown that streams receive multiple types of inputs from adjacent forests but also that the streams in turn influence their terrestrial environments.
Al Levno
An illustration of the River Continuum Concept



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