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Glacial thaw slump on lake NE-14 near Toolik Lake, North Slope of Alaska, in 2007. This feature was roughly 100 m across the widest point at the time this photo was taken. However, the feature has since expanded significantly.
Conceptual diagram of the effect of permafrost thawing on climate. Permafrost carbon, once thawed, can enter ecosystems that have either predominantly oxic (oxygen present) or predominantly anoxic (oxygen limited) soil conditions. The ultimate fate of this carbon is strongly dependent on these fundamental controlling environmental variables.