"Teenagers Cause Winter" is the topic sentence of "Agents of Ice” Gary L. Gaile and Dean M. Hanink (1985) AREA 17(2):165-167.
I must admit I had not read anything from the journal Area and must credit David Greenland (Andrews (AND) and Niwot (NWT): Retired)) for passing it along to me.
David, on his stick-on yellow slip, noted, "Gary is very good at this."
Let’s look at a bit of Gary's data to get started. The hypothesis that teenagers cause winter, i.e. that the more teenagers there are in the population the more winter-like winter is! Gary uses the % of the population between 5 and 17 years of age to track the causers and mean January Temperature to index winter severity. Gary's regression is Temperature = 180.3 - 7.04 Age [R = -0.869, a = 0.0001, R squared = 0.755, F = 203.6]. Gary used 68 U.S. stations as the data source for torture. At the children-shall-rule end of the spectrum is St. Cloud, MN with 23.2% of the population with skin problems and a January mean temperature of 8.9 F. Ft. Lauderdale (naturally) has only 16.1% of the population invested in youth and a nice 66.8 F average January temperature.
I have a good friend who claims that ecologists as a lot have failed the Darwin's test. In my department non-adopted offsprings of our academic faculty calling themselves ecologists are but 2! By Gary's calculus, ecologists must be a force for global warming.
Gary's bibliography is helpful.
Allen, J.L. (1954 Chevrolet) 'Killer teens: the Lewis and Clark expedition' in Belmonts, Dion and the (eds) Festschrift for Dobie Gillis (Beach Blanket Press, Malibu CA), 212-490 + maps and apology.
Allen, J. L. (1985) 'The Holly-Bopper expedition' in Scott, Willard (ed.) Flights of fancy (Tomorrow's News Today Press, Burbank CA), available only on Video Disc.
Wilmontt, P. J. (1984) 'Climastrology: what's your sign and why you treat me so cold? Journal of Adolescent Climatology 17(2)3-4.
Gary’s list of needed future research:
AREA appears to be a journal worth reading. If your library doesn't carry it, use inter-library loan.
Thanks to David Greenland for this chaser in the never-ending hunt for causality.