A humpback rises before the RV Laurence M. Gould in the Antarctic. Icebreaker ships like this can’t get close to South American humpbacks, and as a result tagging the whales is an involved process. Photo captured under the following permits: NMFS 14907, 14809, 14856; ACA 2009-013 and 2015-011. Shared with permission from the Palmer LTER.


All sixteen recorded satellite tracks of South American humpbacks, overlaid. Used with permission from Modest et al., 2021.